Middle For Humane Technology

A second theme is the thesis that there is a basic ontological distinction between natural things and artifacts. According to Aristotle (Physics II.1), the previous have their principles of generation and motion inside, whereas the latter, insofar as they’re artifacts, are generated solely by outward causes, namely human goals and types within the human soul. Natural products transfer, grow, change, and reproduce themselves by inner final causes; they’re driven by functions of nature. Without human care and intervention, they vanish after some time by shedding their synthetic varieties and decomposing into materials.


Some of essentially the most poignant criticisms of technology are found in what are now considered to be dystopian literary classics corresponding to Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, Anthony Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange, and George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four. In Goethe’s Faust, Faust selling his soul to the satan in return for power over the bodily world is also often interpreted as a metaphor for the adoption of industrial technology. More lately, fashionable works of science fiction similar to these by Philip K. Dick and William Gibson and movies corresponding to Blade Runner and Ghost within the Shell project highly ambivalent or cautionary attitudes towards technology’s impact on human …